Auditory Reasoning by Virtual Speech Center Inc. This app targets a variety of skills at different levels. All tasks are presented orally. The student has to rely on working memory in order to respond, however instructions can be repeated by tapping the repeat button. All tasks can be done in the presence or absence of background noise which adds an additional level of difficulty to the tasks. The app is set up in the same way as the other apps from Virtual Speech Center and is easy to navigate. There are a number of features that can be adjusted in the settings menu.
The following skills are targeted:
Which one does not belong?
This task has 4 levels.
Level 1 has three words e.g plate collar, fork
Level 2 has five words e.g. liver heart, lungs, potato, brain
Level 3 has three words that require a higher level of processing e.g. dog, book, sleep
Level 4 has five words that have to be retained in working memory and processed for meaning e.g. fork, spoon, plate, teaspoon, knife.
Add one word that belongs with the rest
This activity has three levels. The student has to add either one, two or three words that belong with the rest. E.g. cub, kitten, puppy and ______
This activity has two levels. The student has to name three or five things that go with the given word.
Identifying True and False Statements
This activity has two levels. The first level uses obvious true/false statements and is a great way to introduce students to the concept of this task. E.g. The sun is cold. The second level demands a higher level of processing and uses more complex language and vocabulary. E.g. Bottles should not be recycled
Identifying Fact versus Opinion
This activity has two levels. The first level is more concrete whilst the second level uses more complex vocabulary E.g. rings are the most beautiful type of jewelry
Identifying meanings of words in context
The two levels of this activity differ in terms of the level of the vocabulary used. I really enjoyed using this activity to explain the concept for reading comprehension. The visual display of the answers also allows for discussion of the foil items and this extends vocabulary further. I also used this activity to encourage students to formulate their own sentences using the words.
Complete the analogy
Level 1 uses more simple vocabulary and relationships e.g. Kitten is to act as puppy is to _____
Level 2 uses more complex vocabulary and relationships e.g. Note is to melody as word is to______
The two levels differ in terms of the complexity of the vocabulary. However, I did find that in order to make the riddle more complex, the explanations were often beyond the younger children.
Level 1: It is means of transportation that is a car and is driven by a driver. It is usually yellow and you can catch it by waving your hand.
Level 2: It is a muscular organ that pumps blood in our bodies
Level 1; Easy paragraphs
Level 2: Complex paragraphs. The level of vocabulary on this level is a lot more advanced and more academic. It was often unfamiliar to the students making it difficult for them to recall the information.
I would have liked to have a ‘hint’ button for this task which prompted the students with the information if needed. A record feature on this activity would also have been beneficial to allow students to self-check.
Level 1 requires the student to draw conclusions from the information by providing multiple choice options. There are 4 questions for each story each requiring the student to make an inference from the auditory information.
Level 2 is open ended questions - Once the student has proceeded to the quiz, they do not have the option of replaying the story. It would be great if there was the option to replay the story if the student is unable to answer the quiz questions.
This task requires the student to hold the information in his working memory and then re-sequence the information according to the instructions. There are 2 levels for this activity. Level 1 requires the student to re-sequence 3 words and Level 2 to re-sequence 4 words.
For example. Say these words from youngest to oldest person; uncle, grandmother, baby, grandfather
This is one of my favorite activities because not only does it target working memory but it provides a great intervention opportunity for vocabulary and teaching strategies for organizing information.
Students are rewarded with a really cute game. The object of the game is to help the alien collect all the coins.
can be viewed, printed or emailed by date or by task so that progress can be monitored over time.
This app is not meant to be used independently by students. It is a great resource for teaching and mediating auditory processing and reasoning strategies for students. You can see a demo of this app by clicking on the link here
The ability to cope in academic contexts depends on the ability to think, understand, reason, and make sense out of what one hears. Auditory Reasoning is an app that has been developed to allow clinicians to address skills to improve auditory processing and high-level thinking skills.
Nikki Heyman has been practicing as a speech language therapist since 1989. Her goal is to share information and tips with parents and educators to keep them informed in the best interests of parenting and education. She loves the iPad and the way that it engages children and Nikki has encompassed this resource into her therapy to facilitate learning. From early on, her passion has been working with children. She admires their resilience, passion, plasticity and their ability to learn.